MLA Changes & Citation Resources


Changes to MLA 8th ed.

*Note that MLA has currently updated to version eight (8). Some differences in MLA 8 (compared to version 7) are:

1. One standard citation format which applies to every source type (rather than labeling each format type such as DVD, Tweet, Print, etc.)

2. Inclusion of “containers”

3. Ability to use pseudonyms for author names (such as using a username handle like @CNN)

4. Adding the abbreviations for volume (vol.) and number (no.) to periodical citations

5.Inclusion of URLs (URLs were option in the previous version)

6. Omitting the publisher of certain source types (such as for a website or periodical)

7. Omitting the city where publisher is located


Citation Resources

Citing sources can be intimidating and confusing but we have resources that can help!

There are varying ways to cite sources. Usually, a short form of the citation is included within the text of the paper (referred to as in-text or parenthetical citations) and then the full citation is given on the last page of the paper, sometimes referred to as a “Works Cited” page, a “Reference List,” or a “Bibliography.”

Also, there are different styles to citing sources. The following styles are commonly used:
apa cover APA (American Psychological Association) format is generally used to cite sources within the social sciences and sciences.
mla cover MLA* (Modern Language Association) format is generally used to cite sources within the humanities, liberal arts, and business studies.

Turabian and Chicago Styles can also be used in more specific subject areas or/and advanced studies.

Our Citing Sources page has links to online versions to the latest MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian manuals, citation tools such as EasyBib and Refworks (keep all of your references in one place, accessible from any computer!) and links to additional sources and tools.

point Related: “Why cite? A Student’s Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism”

For more information see the MLA website or Purdue University’s OWL or ask a librarian! Click here to make a one-on-one consultation appointment with a librarian to discuss your research project and/or answer your citation questions!

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Open Access Week – Open in Action October 24 – 30th



International Open Access Week occurs from October 24th through October 30th, 2016. Open Access Week (OAW) is a global event now entering its eighth year. OAW is an opportunity for the academic and research community to continue to learn about the potential benefits of Open Access, to share what they’ve learned with colleagues, and to help inspire wider participation in helping to make Open Access a new norm in scholarship and research. Open Access (OA) to information – the free, immediate, online access to the results of scholarly research, and the right to use and re-use those results as you need – has the power to transform the way research and scientific inquiry are conducted. It has direct and widespread implications for academia, medicine, science, industry, and for society as a whole. Research funding agencies, academic institutions, libraries, researchers and scientists, teachers, students, and members of the general public are supporting a move towards Open Access in increasing numbers every year. Open Access Week is a key opportunity for all members of the community to take action to keep this momentum moving forward.

The McKillop Library supports Open Access via the Digital Commons institutional repository through which both faculty and students can make their research freely available. For more information on Digital Commons and the impact of Open Access you can view the webinar Open Access – 100 Stories of Impact. If you are interested in contributing your research to Digital Commons you can do so at

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Library Event: “An Interdisciplinary Approach to Empowering Survivors of Domestic Violence through Stress Reduction”


An Interdisciplinary Approach to Empowering Survivors of Domestic Violence through Stress Reduction
Drs. Mary Montminy-Danna and Lisa Zuccarelli
Monday, October 31, 2016
4:30 p.m. – 5:30 p.m.
McKillop Library


Drs. Mary Montminy-Danna and Lisa Zuccarelli’s pilot study of female survivors of intimate partner violence aimed to design an interdisciplinary model of stress reduction through the use of safe conversation, structured interviews and the use of a commercial biofeedback program. This approach is not typical of most domestic violence services, which usually provide counseling, advocacy and shelters. The opportunity to discuss with these women the amount and source of their stresses and their current coping mechanisms created an emotionally supportive environment for performing this study.

Biofeedback is used to train individuals to override the body’s stress responses, such as increased blood pressure and heart rate. Controlling these can result in restoring parasympathetic response, bringing calm to the body. By directing one’s mental activity through physical, visual and auditory stimulation, one can alter the potentially harmful physiological responses caused by chronic disturbances, such as pain, anxiety or other stressors. The autonomic system is controlled by hormones and neurotransmitters. Under chronic stress, humans over-secrete certain hormones, particularly cortisol, upsetting the body’s ability to maintain homeostasis. This can result in the shut-down of protective feedback mechanisms, creating altered metabolic states and a blunted immune response.

Salve Regina University, in line with its Mission, supports research that focuses on creating a world that is merciful, just and harmonious through its Antone Award for Academic Excellence: Special Project Award.


Mary Montminy-Dana, Ph.D., associate professor of social work, receved her B.A. in political science, from University of Massachusetts Boston, her M.S. in counseling from Northeastern University and M.S.W from Boston University. Montminy-Dana completed her Ph.D. in social work at Boston College.

Lisa Zuccarelli, Ph.D., associate professor of biology and biomedical Sciences, received her B.A. in biology and chemistry from Albertus Magnus College, her M.S. in physiology and neurobiology from New York University, and her Ph.D. in biology from New York University.

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American Archives Month at McKillop Library



Each October, the Society of American Archivists hosts American Archives Month to increase the visibility of and participation in archives across the country. If you’re interested in archives, or are just curious what an archivist does from day to day, this month is a great time to get involved.

#AskAnArchivist Day, Wednesday, October 5
Ever wonder how an archivist becomes an archivist? When it’s appropriate to wear gloves? Most interesting items in a collection? Use or view the hashtag #AskAnArchivist on Twitter if you have questions about how archivists do things, favorite collections, or anything else about the profession. You can tweet @SalveArchives to keep things local or just use the hashtag if you want to read a range of responses from repositories across the country. You can also start a conversation on Facebook

Shadow the Archivist
If you’re interested in what an archivist does all day, come shadow in the archives! Sign up at for a 30-60 minute block with Archivist and Special Collections Librarian Genna Duplisea. Participate in projects in progress, learn some best practices, and see new acquisitions. This activity is open to all Salve students, staff, and faculty.

New Digital Collections
Keep an eye on the Salve Archives social media for new digitized materials and the launch of Shared Shelf, a media management system that will make it easy to find and use Salve’s archival collections.

Update Oct. 11: The Archives has digitized and posted its first batch of historical Salve photos on Shared Shelf — view the collection at Here’s a preview:

May procession - 1950s

May procession – 1950s


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